Surah 59 - Banishment
In the Name of Allah, the
Beneficent, the Merciful.
[59.1] Whatever is in the
heavens and whatever is in the earth declares the glory of Allah, and He is the Mighty,
[59.2] He it is Who
caused those who disbelieved of the followers of the Book to go forth from their homes at
the first banishment you did not think that they would go forth, while they were certain
that their fortresses would defend them against Allah; but Allah came to them whence they
did not expect, and cast terror into their hearts; they demolished their houses with their
own hands and the hands of the believers; therefore take a lesson, O you who have eyes!
And had it not been that Allah had decreed for them the exile, He would certainly have
punished them in this world, and m the hereafter they shall have chastisement of the fire.
That is because they acted in opposition to Allah and His Apostle, and whoever acts in
opposition to Allah, then surely Allah is severe in retributing (evil).
Whatever palm-tree you cut down or leave standing upon its roots, It is by Allah's
command, and that He may abase the transgressors.
And whatever Allah restored to His Apostle from them you did not press forward against it
any horse or a riding camel but Allah gives authority to His apostles against whom He
pleases, and Allah has power over all things.
Whatever Allah has restored to His Apostle from the people of the towns, it is for Allah
and for the Apostle, and for the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the
wayfarer, so that it may not be a thing taken by turns among the rich of you, and whatever
the Apostle gives you, accept it, and from whatever he forbids you, keep back, and be
careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is severe in retributing (evil):
(It is) for the poor who fled their homes and their possessions, seeking grace of Allah
and (His) pleasure, and assisting Allah and His Apostle: these it is that are the
And those who made their abode in the city and in the faith before them love those who
have fled to them, and do not find in their hearts a need of what they are given, and
prefer (them) before themselves though poverty may afflict them, and whoever is preserved
from the niggardliness of his soul, these it is that are the successful ones.
And those who come after them say: Our Lord! forgive us and those of our brethren who had
precedence of us in faith, and do not allow any spite to remain in our hearts towards
those who believe, our Lord! surely Thou art Kind, Merciful.
Have you not seen those who have become hypocrites? They say to those of their brethren
who disbelieve from among the followers of the Book: If you are driven forth, we shall
certainly go forth with you, and we will never obey any one concerning you, and if you are
fought against, we will certainly help you, and Allah bears witness that they are most
Certainly if these are driven forth, they will not go forth with them, and if they are
fought against, they will not help them, and even if they help-them, they will certainly
turn (their) backs, then they shall not be helped.
You are certainly greater in being feared in their hearts than Allah; that is because they
are a people who do not understand.
They will not fight against you in a body save in fortified towns or from behind walls;
their fighting between them is severe, you may think them as one body, and their hearts
are disunited; that is because they are a people who have no sense.
Like those before them shortly; they tasted the evil result of their affair, and they
shall have a painful punishment.
Like the Shaitan when he says to man: Disbelieve, but when he disbelieves, he says: I am
surely clear of you; surely I fear Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
Therefore the end of both of them is that they are both in the fire to abide therein, and
that is the reward of the unjust.
you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah, and let every soul consider what it
has sent on for the morrow, and be careful of (your duty to) Allah; surely Allah is aware
of what you do.
And be not like those who forsook Allah, so He made them forsake their own souls: these it
is that are the transgressors.
Not alike are the inmates of the fire and the dwellers of the garden: the dwellers of the
garden are they that are the achievers.
Had We sent down this Quran on a mountain, you would certainly have seen it falling
down, splitting asunder because of the fear of Allah, and We set forth these parables to
men that they may reflect.
He is Allah besides Whom there is no god; the Knower of the unseen and the seen; He is the
Beneficent, the Merciful.
He is Allah, besides Whom there is no god; the King, the Holy, the Giver of peace, the
Granter of security, Guardian over all, the Mighty, the Supreme, the Possessor of every
greatness; Glory be to Allah from what they set up (with Him).
[59.24] He is Allah the
Creator, the Maker, the Fashioner; His are the most excellent names; whatever is in the
heavens and the earth declares His glory; and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
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